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Buffalo Courier Friday Morning, September 6, 1901



Flight of Pigeons, Bursting Bombís and Tumultuous Cheers Greet the Nations Chief as He Speaks of the Countryís Needs.

Surrounded by Diplomats of Many Nations McKinleyís Voice Reaches Thousands, and Throngs Watch Outside Itís Range.

Multitude Crows Stadium Where President Reviews War Veterans and guardsmen  Foreign Exhibits interest President

Greatness merged with greatness yesterday. A great man looked upon a great exposition and a tumultuous sea of people cheered him. A black bombshell, twirling as it flew into the air, burst with an explosion into a puff of white smoke. Skyward went a cloud of pigeons, bells rang, whistles blew, and above all fulminated the cannons loud salute.

Down the broad cemented thoroughfare of the Triumphal Bridge, with people banked up behind serried rows of brass-covered soldiers, rode in a carriage drawn by four black horses a man and a woman the President of the United States and his wife. This idea of magnitude was not confined to the material. It appealed to the senses of hearing and feeling. It was President McKinleyís day. That was great in itself. The President of the United States, bareheaded and guarded practically nothing but blue sky, should speak before such a magnitude, that was greater still. That being the President he was nothing but a citizen, that was greatest of all. The very building of the Exposition seemed, with human prescience, to bow majestically to President McKinley.

Grand Ovations

From a platform improvised at the northwestern pylon of the Triumphant Causeway, President McKinley delivered one of his most masterly speeches since his inauguration in 1897. For an hour people had rived their eyes upon this structure. When they saw the carriage wheel into view the noise began. It increased in vehemence as the carriage halted and the President jumped out and with one hand holding his hat in salutation, extended the other for the arm of his wife. Up the steps went the President escorting his wife Mrs. McKinley.

In front of the stand and extending back into both sides of the Court of Fountains, umbrellas, handkerchiefs, papers, began to flutter and even the flags on the buildings, caught up by a fresh breeze started to wave with renewed glory.

John C. Milburn, president of the Pan-American Exposition stepped up to the front and spoke two words. For this occasion they were magical words. They were oil on the water, for when spoken they subsided the verbal storm. A great tall man himself, Mr. Millburnís presence at the railing of the platform drew attention. The words he spoke were:

ìThe Presidentî

†People held their breath.† Silence reigned President McKinley stood erect. Then greater than before the cheering broke out again. It was not an interrupting greeting. It came smooth, harmonious, but loud, and while the President was bowing. As soon as the Presidentís lips parted and he saised [sic] his hand as is pronouncing silent invocation silence reigned again.





Prosperity the Keynote

Prosperityóprosperity as typified in the Pan-American Exposition was the keynote of the Presidentís address. In his discourse lasting less than an hour, he spoke compactly of tariff, of commercial expansion, of merchant marine, of the purpose of the Spanish-American War, of foreign affairs, of the court of Arbitration. His speech was replete with epigrams. On opening he said:

ìExpositions are the timekeepers of progress, it represents the efficiency of high quality and low prices.î

Referring to the necessity of a more extensive merchant marine he said:

ìNext in advantage to having the thing to sell is the conveyance to carry it to the buyer. We must have the Isthmian [sic] canal. The name of Blain is inseparably associated with the Pan-American movement.î

To the people of Buffalo he addressed himself as not a stranger to their hospitality.

Economy in Time

How economically the Presidentís time was utilized in order that he might participate promptly in all the functions of the day arranged for him was shown in the rapidity with which he was taken from the platform to the stadium, there to review† the government troops encamped on the grounds.

Immediately after this he began meeting the foreign representatives at the exposition.

It was a strenuous day for the President. No hour, no moment could he claim as his own.† Mrs. McKinley had been escorted to the home of Mr. Milburn immediately after the address.

All during the afternoon he was the guest of honor at various receptions in the different buildings.

At 4:30 oíclock he was escorted to the home of Mr. Milburn and at 7 oíclock he again appeared on the grounds to view the illumination and the fireworks.

Crowds Along Avenue

Perhaps of all the features of the day that of the journey of the Presidential party from Mr. Milburnís home in Delaware Avenue to the Lincoln Parkway gate was the most brilliant. The thoroughfare throughout the line of† the journey was black with people. Beneath the trees it was something like a Parisian fete day, and yet not like a Parisian fete day either, because it was distinctly American.

At the Lincoln Parkway Gate, both within and without the grounds, an immense crowd had gathered.† When the Presidential party appeared in the distance down Lincoln Parkway a signal was sent to Capt. Fillmore, where the saluting gun was stationed. First bomb was hurled heavenward and this announced to all the approach of the President. Guards and police had been distributed through the grounds and along the road over which the Presidential carriage was to run. The cheering within the grounds on the way to the Triumphant Bridge was but a repetition of what had gone before.

Mrs. McKinleyís Presence

Mrs. McKinleyís presence in the grounds in the morning was a pleasant surprise to those who thought she would be unable to attend. She was dressed in a mauve-colored dress brocaded in white. Her headgear was of the same color and decoration. A pleasant feature of Mrs. McKinleyís visit was the presentation to her of two baskets of fruit in which were varieties of fruit selected from the various state exhibits in the Horticultural Building. The United States Marine band played ìThe Star Spangled Bannerî as President and Mrs. McKinley mounted the platform. On this platform, with the President , were representatives from many foreign countries. Members of† the diplomatic corps on the platform were:

Senor Don Manuel de Aspiroz, Ambassador and Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from Mexico; Senor Don Rodrigo de Aspiroz, third secretary of the Mexican legation; Capt. Don Alfredo Barron, also a secretary of the Mexican legation.

Kogoro Takahira, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from Japan; R. Hayami, attached to the Japan legation.

Duke de Arcos, Ambassador and Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from Spain; the Duchess de Arcos.




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This text is Copyright 2001 all rights reserved by Stephen Powell and This electronic text may not be duplicated or used in any manner without written consent of Stephen R. Powell or