Chicago Daily Tribune, Sept. 8, 1901
SPEECH THAT PROMPTED
MURDEROUS ASSAULT ON THE PRESIDENT.
Cleveland. O. Sept. 7 -- [Special] -- An address delivered in this city
on May 6 by Emma Goldman, the Anarchist, is believed largely responsible
for the attempt on the life of President McKinley.
Miss Goldman spoke here twice on that date, and a copy of her address
was found in the pocket of Leon Czolgosz when searched by the Buffalo
police. In the audience on that occasion was the man who tried to kill
the President, and his associates now recall that he was one of the most
enthusiastic in his applause of the utterances of Miss Goldman.
The hall in which the lecture was delivered is at 170 Superior street,
the same hall in which the Anarchists now meet in this city.
In the course of her address of May 6, Miss Goldman first outlined the
principles of anarchy and detailed the methods whereby she hoped to accomplish
the ends of anarchy. Her talk was full of forceful passages, and some
cases more notable for their strength than for their elegance.
"Men under the present state of society," she said, "are
mere products of circumstances. Under the galling yoke of government,
ecclesiasticism, and a bond of custom and prejudice, it is impossible
for the individual to work out his own career as he could wish. Anarchism
aims at a new and complete freedom. It strives to bring about the freedom
which is not only the freedom
from within but a freedom from without, which will prevent any man from
having a desireto interfere in any way with the liberty of his neighbor.
"Vanderbilt says, 'I am a free man within myself, but the others
be damned.' This is not the freedom we are striving for. We merely desire
complete individual liberty, and this can never be obtained as long as
there is an existing government. "We do not favor the socialistic
idea of converting men and women into mere producing machines under the
eye of a paternal govenment. We go to the opposite extreme and demand
the fullest and most complete liberty for each and every person to work
out his own salvation upon any line that he pleases. The degrading notions
of men and women as machines is far from our ideals of life.
"Anarchism has nothing to do with future governments or economic
arrangements. We do not favor any particular settlement in this line,
but merely ask to do away with the present evils. The future will provide
these arrangements after our work has been done.
Anarchism deals merely with social relations, and not with economic arrangement."
The speaker then deprecated the idea that all Anarchists were in favor
of violence or bomb throwing. She declared that nothing was further from
the principles they support. She went on, however, into a detailed explanation
of the different crimes committed by Anarchists lately, declaring that
the motive was good in each case, and that these acts were merely a matter
Some men were so constituted, she said, that they were unable to stand
idly by and see the wrong that was being endured by their fellow-mortals.
She herself did not believe in these methods, but she did not think they
should be condemned in view of the high and noble motives which prompted
their perpetration. She continued: "Some believe we should first
obtain by force and let the intelligence and education come afterwards."
Miss Goldman did not hesitate to put forward a number of sentiments far
more radical and sensational than any ever publicly advanced here. During
Miss Goldman's lecture a strong detail of police was in the hall to keep
her from uttering sentiments which were regarded as too radical. This
accounts for the fact that the speaker did not give free rein to her thoughts
on this occasion. By reason of anarchistic uprisings elsewhere it was
thought best by the city officials to curb the utterances of the woman.
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