Republican Advocate -Batavia, Genesee Co., NY
November 11 1825
Yesterday the celebration of uniting the waters of the Grand Erie Canal with the Atlantic Ocean took place, and a proud day it was for the city and state of New-York. The morning was ushered in by firing of cannon and the bells rang a joyous peal. All business was suspended, and the day being remarkably fine and pleasant, the whole population of our city, male and female, lined the walks and filled the windows of the buildings of the streets through which the procession passed. The Battery was literally crammed with spectators to witness the aquatic part of the celebration. The shipping in port displayed their colors, and the United States' ships of war at the Navy Yard, Brooklyn, were most tastefully dressed in flags of all nations. The British sloops of war King Fisher, Lieut. HENDERSON; and the Swallow, Lieut. BALDOCK, on the approach of the aquatic procession off the Battery, and on their return from Sandy Hook, fired a national salute of 24 guns. They had the American ensign displayed at the foretop as a mark of respect. The East and North Rivers and the bay were covered with water craft of every description. There were several canal boats in the procession towed by steam-boats. On the deck of one of them were to be seen a number of live wild beasts and wild fowl, such as the bear, wolf, fox, bald headed eagle, &c. &c. The beautiful boat Noah's Ark met with an accident in coming through the locks, which prevented her joining the procession. She has since arrived and is now at Castle Garden, with animals and birds of various descriptions, and two young Indian hunters of the Seneca tribe, dressed in their costume. The boat will remain there a few days.
The societies formed their procession about half past 10 o'clock and marched on to the Battery, then wheeled and moved up Greenwich st. to Canal street, up Canal street to Broadway; up Broadway to Broome street, through Broome st. to the Bowery and Chatham street to Pearl; down Pearl street to the Battery, along the Battery to Broadway, and up Broadway to the Park. At the Battery, the honorable corporation, with their guests, on their return from the ocean, joined in the procession.
At the head were four buglemen on horseback, band of music, and the Grand Marshal with his aides who preceded the Agricultural and Horticultural societies, many of whose members wore nosegays of flowers. The Journeymen Tailors, with emblematic banners, one of which was "I was naked and ye clothed me."
Measures of grain--Millers and inspectors of four; of pot and pearl ashes, and of provisions.
Brewers and Distillers. Coopers, and Journeyman Coopers society. The Bakers, with white hats. The Butchers, mounted and wearing aprons, with the banners of their society, and two cars, each drawn by four horses. The first was covered with a roof, decorated, and contained a calf and a sheep; the other a fine white ox and four large sheep, and over it, on a second stage, a resemblance of another with several butchers' boys.
Weavers and manufacturers of woolen, linen and cotton cloths. Tallow chandlers and soap makers.
The tanners had a car drawn by four horses, in which were several men at work tanning and currying leather, with hides hanging over head. The skinners followed with a banner, and then came another banner with 4 horses, where a number of morocco dressers were at work on skins of all colors. The Cordwainers also had a car drawn by 4 horses, on which were seated 6 or 8 men making shoes.
The Hatters' Society had a large banner with a portrait of St. Clement, and a car drawn by a six horses, containing a shop, in which 8 men were at work at the kettle, and others employed in the different operations of hat making. A great number of small banners succeeded, bearing the names of the Western Lakes, great and small, and those of the principal towns in the western parts of the state and country; 24 boys marching under the banners bearing "Washington," the "United States of America," and a portrait of Governor CLINTON, represented the States of the Union. In a barouche rode the two oldest hatters and Journeymen hatters in the city. Banner--"The heart is devoted to our country." The Journeymen Masons came next, and then the Coopers, with a car, on which men were at work on barrels, &c. The Carpenters.
Smiths, Nailers, and Cutlers, and Smith's Benevolent Society. Painters and Glaziers, and House Painters Society. Stone Cutters.
The chair-makers had a chair over their banner, with tow large eagles following, one large and gilt, with a miniature chair in his mouth, and the motto underneath "support your chair."
The Tin Plate Workers had a car drawn by four gray horses, with a model of the 5 locks at Lockport, on the canal, and a canal boat, made of tin, coming through the upper lock.
The Potters came next carrying a standard emblematic of their business. The Saddle and Harness makers came next with two trumpeters, in full uniform; a white charger, completely caparisoned, and led by two black grooms in moorish dresses; two cream-colored horses neatly fitted with a lady's and gentleman's saddle of the present fashion, led by grooms; a pair of grey horses, with an elegant set of chariot harness, led by grooms; the grand standard with the saddler's arms in front, and on the reverse a section of the grand canal, representing a lock and a canal boat with the motto "'Tis Finished;" committee of arrangements and secretary, with blue sashes; the employers; a banner bearing the likeness of His Excellency De Witt CLINTON, with the motto "Honor to whom Honor is due;" a flag bearing the name of Seymour; a flag bearing the name of Bouck; a flag with the name of Young; a hobby horse, borne by eight apprentices alternately, four at a time dressed with blue sashes.
The Shipwrights had the model of a line of battle ship, mounted on wheels and drawn by 8 horses. The officers and crew were represented by boys in gay dresses, and flags and ensigns hoisted on board. A banner bore "Commerce is ours," and a great number of others succeeded, in which were the names of our distinguished naval commanders. The Boat-Builders Association had a model of a boat borne by a carrier, and another drawn by a horse. A car drawn by 4 horses contained 2 half finished boats of considerable size, at which the workmen were employed, while smoke was coming from the chimne[sic] where they warped their plank and timber. The Bargemen followed next, with the boat which won the race last spring mounted on wheels and finely decorated. From the centre a standard was raised, with a device, in the midst of which were the names of the oarsmen and coxswain who managed the boat at the race. On her side was seen, in gilt letters, "Whitchall Victorious, May 20, 1825." The Rope-makers had a rope walk, in which a number of men and boys were employed in spinning and laying, all drawn by four horses. The Comb-makers had also a shop; after them came the General Society of Mechanics, the Cabinet Makers with specimens of furniture, and the Apprentices' Library Association.
The New-York Fire Department was represented by 8 companies, Nos., 20, 42, 5, 13, 41, 22, 7, and 4 with their engines, and several hook and ladder companies, with their implements raised aloft and handsomely decorated. The appearance of the engines was beautiful in the extreme. They were highly polished, and ornamented with various devices and a great expense, drawn by four horses each, and accompanied by banners, emblems, &c. No. 20 had a portrait of Washington on its banner, and was drawn on a stage by 4 black horses; 15 had 4 banners and was drawn by 4 bay horses; 13 by four white horses richly caparisoned, led by blacks in Asiatic costumes, the car hung with splendid drapey; 41 had riders for the leading horses, and a scarlet drapery festooned about the car; 22 had 4 bays with gilt harnesses, and banners of a house on fire on Mount Vesuvius; 7 a banner containing a portrait of La Fayette on horseback, and one in crape, for the loss of a member; 4 was drawn by two fine chesnut[sic] horses, and followed by the Fire Wardens, with their insignia, and a large banner.
The Typographical Society had a car drawn by 4 horses, on which were mounted 2 presses. These were kept in operation, striking off copies of an Ode written by Mr. WOODWORTH, of which they distributed between 5 and 6000. Between the presses stood Dr. FRANKLIN's arm chair, occupied by Mr. James ORAM, the oldest printer in the city, surrounded by two Heralds and two Mercuries, who assisted him in folding the sheets and throwing them from the car to the public. The presses were handsomely gilt, and are beautiful specimens of American workmanship and taste. One of them is the invention of Mr. RUST, and the other of Mr. SMITH. A large banner with the representation of a Clymer Printing Press, and other implement of this great art, with the motto "The Art Preservation of all Arts" followed immediately after the car. Another banner bore a picture of the Aqueduct over the Mohawk at Little Falls, with the inscription Exogi momunmentum are perennius," and a likeness of Gov. CLINTON.
The Book-Binders had a large volume bound in red morocco & gilt, labelled "Erie Canal Statistics."
The Booksellers and Stationers with an elegant banner painted by INMAN, representing a female holding the "Torch of Knowledge," on her left, a pile of volumes on of which a "Work on Canals;" at a distance is a view of the lakes, with the canal passing to a city in the fore ground; on a stream emptying into the canal is seen a paper mill, on the other side of the banner the motto, "Knowledge is Power."
After a full band of musicians, in dresses of scarlet and gold, came the members of Columbia College, dressed in their academic gowns followed by the Society of Free Masons; Officers of the Medical Society of the State, Trustees of the College of Physicians, and Surgeons; the Medical Society; the Rev. the Clergy; the Bar; the Historical Philosophical, Philological and other Literary Societies; the Members of the Academy of the Fine Arts; Strangers of distinction; the Sheriff and Staff, with the Judicial officers; the Military Officers; the Ancient and Honorable Society of Free and Accepted Masons'; the Governor and Lieut. Governor; the Senate and Members of Assembly; Canal Commissioners now in commission and all former Canal Commissioners--Canal Engineers; State Officers; the Corporation and their Guests.
Aquatic Procession--At 8 o'clock the citizens were seen in all directions crowding on board the various Steamboats which were announced to comose the fleet which was to proceed to the Ocean. The steamboat Washington, under the command of capt. BUNKER, took the lead, on board of which the Hon. the Corporation with he Society of Cincinnati, the Rev. Clergy of all denominations; the Army and Naval officers--all the consuls of Foreign nations, the Judges of all our courts, and many other citizens and strangers were guests. The Steamboats Falton, James Kent, chancellor Livingston and several others were also employed by the corporation to receive other guests, all which were filled with our most distinguished citizens. The Safety Barges Lady Clinton and Lady Van Rennselaer, were most tastefully festoooned with evergreens and flowers. At about 1 o'clock the signal was given for departure; and the boats all proceeded up the East river, and formed in line as follows: 1 Washington, 2 Commerce and Safety Barge Lady Clinton, 3 Fulton, 4 Chancellor Livingston, 5 Constitution and Canal Boat, 6 Chief Justice Marshall, canal boat and six Barges, 7 Constellation, 8 Swiftsure and Safety Barge Lady Van Rennsselaer, 9 James Kent, 10 Saratoga, 11 Richmond, 12 Providence, 13 Nautilus, 14 Long Branch, 15 Fanny, 16 Linnaeus; 17 Gov. Wolcott and Pilot Boat No. 1, 18 john Marshall and Pilot Boat No. 3, 19 Geo. Washington and Pilot Boat No. 4, when they wore round and proceeded down the bay. The scene at this period was fine beyond description; all the decks of the Steamboats were crowded, accompanied with bands of martial and other music, performing favorite airs. The shores were lined with spectators cheering as the boats passed. The water was unruffled, and the whole scene seemed enchantment; as the fleet passed the Battery, they were saluted by the military, the Revenue Cutter, and the Castle on Governor's Island. As they proceeded, they were joined in the North River by the Ship Hamlet, (towed by the Steamboats Oliver Ellsworth and Bolivar) which had previously been dressed for the occasion with the Flags of all nations, and on board of which were the Marine and Nautical Societies, composed of all our most respectable shipmasters. As the fleet passed the Narrows they were saluted by Fort La Fayette--they then proceeded to the United States schooner Dolphin, moored within Sandy Hook, where the ceremony of uniting the waters of Lake Erie and the Atlantic was performed.
A deputation composed of aldermen KING, DAVIS and TAYLOR, was sent on board the steam boat James Kent, to accompany his Excellency the Governor, the Lieut. Governor, and the several committees from Buffalo, Utica, Albany and other places, on board the steam-boat Washington. The boats were then all stationed around the schooner, and Governor CLINTON went through the ceremony of uniting the waters by pouring that of Lake Erie into the Atlantic; upon which he delivered the following address:--
"The solemnity at this place on the first arrival of vessels from Lake Erie, is intended to indicate and commemorate the navigable communication, which has been accomplished between our Mediterranean seas and the Atlantic ocean, in about eight years, to the extent of more than four hundred and twenty-five miles, by the wisdom, public spirit and energy of the people of the state of New-York; and may the God of the heavens and the earth smile most propitiously on this work, and render it subservient to the best interests of the human race."
Dr. MITCHILL then poured the contents of several vials, which he stated contained the waters of the Elbe, &c. &c. and delivered a long address; but the crowd was so great that but few were able to hear any part of it. The hon. Mr. COLDEN presented to the mayor, a memoir which contains a brief history of the Canal from its commencement to the present day. Salutes were then fired from the revenue cutter, the pilot boats, and several of the steam boats, and the procession returned to the city, in nearly the same order as they went down, the Porpoise being towed up by the steam boats. On passing Fort La Fayette, another salute was fired. On their way up the several parties partook of dinners on board their several boats. The mayor presided on board the Washington, assisted Aldermen KING and TAYLOR, when a number of toasts were drank.
The whole line of steam boats landed their passengers at 8 o'clock, in time for them to form and join the procession of their fellow citizens. The festivities were concluded by fireworks in the evening at Castle Gardens, the City Hall, and Vauxhall Garden. The City Hall, Bridewell, peal's Museum, Scudder's Museum, City Hotel, Syke's New-York Coffee House, Park Theatre, Chatham Theatre, and a number of the adjoining buildings were beautifully illuminated.
Madam JOHNSON did not make her ascent from the Vouxhall Garden, owing to some difficulty in filling the Balloon with gas, and the populace became enraged and committed some excesses upon the garden fences and shrubbery. -from the N.Y. Evening Post, Nov. 5.
**submitted by Linda C. Schmidt
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